Chief Sitting Bull
“The Great Spirit has given our enemies to us. We are to destroy them.”
- Sitting Bull was named Jumping Badger at birth, but was nicknamed Slow because of his thoughtful nature.
- This warrior was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man, famous for resisting the U.S. government and its Manifest Destiny expansion.
- During the Red Cloud war of 1866-1868 he led numerous war parties against the military. He also made guerrilla attacks on prospectors and settlers encroaching on sacred Sioux lands.
- This chief did not agree with the Treaty of Fort Laramie and refused to sign.
- His continued resistance throughout the Great Sioux War (1876) at one point halted construction on the Northern Pacific Railway.
- In a sun dance ceremony before the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull predicted the defeat of the Seventh Cavalry.
- His leadership inspired this major victory against George Armstrong Custer’s troops.
- To avoid the inevitable backlash, Sitting Bull fled to Canada, where he claimed political asylum until 1881.
- This chief became a household name after starring in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. Here, he befriended Annie Oakley and named her Little Sure Shot.
- Fearing he would join the dangerous Ghost Dance Movement, Sitting Bull was assassinated by Indian Agency Police in a botched attempt to arrest him.
- His death was one of the precipitating factors that led to the Wounded Knee Massacre in South Dakota, 1890. It marked the end of the Great Sioux Nation.
History.com, “Ten Things You May Not Know About Sitting Bull” at http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-sitting-bull
Mooney, James, The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1991.
Wikipedia, “Sitting Bull” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitting_Bull