Woman Chief (1806-1854)
- Woman Chief was a revered female warrior of the Crow Tribe.
- She may also have been called Pine Leaf and Biawacheeitche.
- This Warrior Woman was born into the Gros Ventres people of Montana.
- After being taken prisoner at the age of 10, Woman Chief was raised by the Crows.
- Since her adopted father had lost all his sons, he encouraged her tom-boy pursuits.
- Yet even when engaging in masculine activities she always wore female attire.
- Woman Chief excelled at horse riding, shooting, and dressing buffalo.
- When he father died she took control of his lodge and went on several raids against the Blackfoot.
- She raised her own band of warriors that took many horses and scalps.
- Woman Chief had four wives.
- Following the Treaty of Fort Laramie (1851), she became involved in inter-tribal negotiations.
- After several years of peace this remarkable warrior was ambushed and killed by her original birth tribe.
Brodell, Ria. “Butch Heroes,” at https://www.riabrodell.com/biawacheeitche-or-woman-chief-aka-barcheeampe-or-pine-leaf/
Wikipedia, “Woman Chief,” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woman_Chief