Wild West Hard Tack

Hard Tack

Ingredients

Bacon grease for cooking

2 cups flour

1 tablespoon salt

Water (to form a stiff dough)

 

Method

  1. Mix the four and salt together in a large pot.
  2. Add enough water to form a stiff, non-sticky dough.
  3. Roll out on a  floured surface into a 1/2-inch slab and cut into 3-inch squares.
  4. Punch several nail-holes in each piece to allow the steam to escape during cooking.
  5. Grease a fire-proof baking pan or Dutch-oven and place it on the fire.
  6. Add hard tack pieces and cover with a lid.
  7. Bake until brown.

 

Tomahawks

  • A tomahawk is a single-handled ax from North America.
  • It closely resembles a hatchet.
  • This multi-purpose chopping tool was familiar to both Native Americans and Colonials.
  • It could also be used as a weapon, either in hand-to-hand combat or thrown from a distance.
  • The tomahawk is thought to have been invented by the Algonquin Indians.
  • The first designs were made from flint, bound by rawhide to a wooden handle.
  • When the Europeans arrived they introduced a more effective metal blade.
  • They are usually about 2-feet long with maple, hickory, or ash handles.
  • The opposite side of the blade could form a spike, hammer, or be drilled to make a smoking-pipe.
  • The tomahawk became a popular symbol when Colonists and Native Tribes met – they could choose the pipe of peace or the ax of war!

The Sundance Kid

Henry Alonzo Longabaugh

(1867-1908)

  • Henry Alonzo Longabaugh was born in Pennsylvania.
  • He stole a gun, horse, and saddle from a ranch in Sundance, Wyoming.
  • After he served time for this crime in the local jail he adopted the nickname, Sundance Kid.
  • His girlfriend (pictured above) was Etta Place.  She and Butch Cassidy fled the country with Sundance.
  • There was a reward of $30,000 on members of the Wild Gang.
  • They first went to Argentina but eventually settled in Bolivia.
  • Etta left the two outlaws and returned to the US under an assumed name, predicting the men would die violently.
  • Her prophecy came true. It is believed that Sundance died in a Bolivian shootout in November, 1908.

Sources:

Nash, Jay Robert, “The Real Butch Cassidy and His Wild Bunch,” at  http://www.annalsofcrime.com/03-01.htm

Rosa, Joseph, G. Age of the Gunfighter: Man and Weapons on the Frontier, 1840-1900. Oklahoma: U of Oklahoma P, 1995.

Wikipedia, “Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch,” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butch_Cassidy%27s_Wild_Bunch

___, “Sundance Kid,” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundance_Kid