Moving Robe Woman (1854 – c. 1931)
- Moving Robe Woman was a member of the Hunkpapa Sioux.
- She was also called Thasina Mani, Mary Crawler, Her Eagle Robe, She Walks With A Shawl, and Walking Blanket Woman.
- Her father was Chief Crawler.
- She was the sister of One Hawk or Deeds, a warrior killed at the start of the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
- At the age of 17 she had taken part in a Sioux raid against the Crow, in Montana.
- Moving Robe Woman gained fame when she rode alongside her father – against Lt. Colonel Custer – to avenge her brother’s death.
- A brave named Fast Eagle claimed he held Custer’s arms while Moving Robe Woman stabbed him. She was also credited with the death of a black soldier called Isiah Dorman.
- Charging into battle this Warrior Woman rode a black horse, painted her face crimson, and braided her hair.
- In an interview in 1931 she claimed, ” . . . I have not boasted of my conquests. I am a woman, but I fought for my people.”
AmericanTribes.com, “Mary Crawler,” at http://www.american-tribes.com/Lakota/BIO/MaryCrawler.htm
Geni.com, “Moving Robe Woman, Thasina Mani,” at https://www.geni.com/people/Moving-Robe-Woman-T%C8%9Fa%C5%A1%C3%ADna-M%C3%A1ni/6000000031182145889
Wikipedia, “Moving Robe Woman,” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moving_Robe_Woman
Chief Sitting Bull
“The Great Spirit has given our enemies to us. We are to destroy them.”
- Sitting Bull was named Jumping Badger at birth, but was nicknamed Slow because of his thoughtful nature.
- This warrior was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man, famous for resisting the U.S. government and its Manifest Destiny expansion.
- During the Red Cloud war of 1866-1868 he led numerous war parties against the military. He also made guerrilla attacks on prospectors and settlers encroaching on sacred Sioux lands.
- This chief did not agree with the Treaty of Fort Laramie and refused to sign.
- His continued resistance throughout the Great Sioux War (1876) at one point halted construction on the Northern Pacific Railway.
- In a sun dance ceremony before the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull predicted the defeat of the Seventh Cavalry.
- His leadership inspired this major victory against George Armstrong Custer’s troops.
- To avoid the inevitable backlash, Sitting Bull fled to Canada, where he claimed political asylum until 1881.
- This chief became a household name after starring in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. Here, he befriended Annie Oakley and named her Little Sure Shot.
- Fearing he would join the dangerous Ghost Dance Movement, Sitting Bull was assassinated by Indian Agency Police in a botched attempt to arrest him.
- His death was one of the precipitating factors that led to the Wounded Knee Massacre in South Dakota, 1890. It marked the end of the Great Sioux Nation.
History.com, “Ten Things You May Not Know About Sitting Bull” at http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-sitting-bull
Mooney, James, The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1991.
Wikipedia, “Sitting Bull” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitting_Bull